Computational Structure Prediction for Antibody-Antigen Complexes From Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry: Challenges and Outlook

Minh H. Tran, Clara T. Schoeder, Kevin L. Schey, Jens Meiler
2022 Frontiers in Immunology  
Although computational structure prediction has had great successes in recent years, it regularly fails to predict the interactions of large protein complexes with residue-level accuracy, or even the correct orientation of the protein partners. The performance of computational docking can be notably enhanced by incorporating experimental data from structural biology techniques. A rapid method to probe protein-protein interactions is hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS). HDX-MS
more » ... has been increasingly used for epitope-mapping of antibodies (Abs) to their respective antigens (Ags) in the past few years. In this paper, we review the current state of HDX-MS in studying protein interactions, specifically Ab-Ag interactions, and how it has been used to inform computational structure prediction calculations. Particularly, we address the limitations of HDX-MS in epitope mapping and techniques and protocols applied to overcome these barriers. Furthermore, we explore computational methods that leverage HDX-MS to aid structure prediction, including the computational simulation of HDX-MS data and the combination of HDX-MS and protein docking. We point out challenges in interpreting and incorporating HDX-MS data into Ab-Ag complex docking and highlight the opportunities they provide to build towards a more optimized hybrid method, allowing for more reliable, high throughput epitope identification.
doi:10.3389/fimmu.2022.859964 pmid:35720345 pmcid:PMC9204306 fatcat:ijlvxd47kfd3lod6b4zs4xjrb4