Cyber Threats Facing Autonomous and Connected Vehicles: Future Challenges

Simon Parkinson, Paul Ward, Kyle Wilson, Jonathan Miller
2017 IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print)  
Vehicles are currently being developed and sold with increasing levels of connectivity and automation. As with all networked computing devices, increased connectivity often results in a heightened risk of a cyber security attack. Furthermore, increased automation exacerbates any risk by increasing the opportunities for the adversary to implement a successful attack. In this paper, a large volume of publicly accessible literature is reviewed and compartmentalised based on the vulnerabilities
more » ... tified and mitigation techniques developed. This review highlighted that the majority of research is reactive and vulnerabilities are often discovered by friendly adversaries (white-hat hackers). Many gaps in the knowledge base were identified. Priority should be given to address these knowledge gaps to minimise future cyber security risks in the connected and autonomous vehicle sector.
doi:10.1109/tits.2017.2665968 fatcat:lldkh3ai6vh63mv2yqd5e7vse4