Learning Capsules for SAR Target Recognition

Yunrui Guo, Zongxu Pan, Meiming Wang, Ji Wang, Wenjing Yang
2020 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
Deep learning has been successfully utilized in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) automatic target recognition tasks and obtained state-of-the-art results. However, current deep learning algorithms do not perform well when SAR images are occluded, noisy, or with a great depression angle variance. This article proposes a novel method, SAR capsule network, to achieve the accurate and robust classification of SAR images without significantly increasing network complexity. Specifically, we develop a
more » ... nvolutional neural network extension based on Hinton's capsule network to capture spatial relationships specialized in classification between different entities in a SAR image. The SAR capsules are learned by a vector-based full connection operation instead of the traditional routing process, which not only alleviates the computational burden but also improves recognition accuracy. For occlusion, additive noise, and multiplicative noise tests, SAR capsule network shows superior robustness compared with typical convolution neural networks. When missing training data in a certain aspect angle range or existing a large depression angle variance between training data and test data, the proposed network achieves better performance than the existing works and reveals some competitive advantages in several test scenarios.
doi:10.1109/jstars.2020.3015909 fatcat:7vkzaezjzncv5cypw2duew33ia