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Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities
The Gamkonora people are an ethnic group in Indonesia whose members have an outstanding linguistic ability: they are able to speak more than two languages, that is, two or more of Gamkonora, Ternatan-Malay, Ternate, andBahasa Indonesia. The use of these languages is related to the residual traces of the powers that have ruled the area in the history of North Maluku: the Ternate sultanate, European colonialists and Indonesian central government since independence. Re?ecting on the currentdoi:10.14203/jissh.v5i1.29 fatcat:giywmqbykve2fntfgxfu6nx3c4