A critical role for Dna2 at unwound telomeres [article]

David Lydall, Michael Lisby, Marta Markiewicz-Potoczny
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
Dna2 is a nuclease and helicase that functions redundantly with other proteins in Okazaki fragment processing, double strand break (DSB) resection and checkpoint kinase activation. Dna2 is an essential enzyme, required for yeast and mammalian cell viability. Here we report that numerous mutations affecting the DNA damage checkpoint suppress dna2Δ lethality in Saccharomyces cerevisiae . dna2Δ cells are also suppressed by deletion of helicases, PIF1 and MPH1 , and by deletion of POL32 , a subunit
more » ... f POL32 , a subunit of DNA polymerase δ. All dna2Δ cells are temperature sensitive, have telomere length defects, and low levels of telomeric 3′ single stranded DNA (ssDNA). Interestingly, Rfa1, a subunit of the major ssDNA binding protein RPA, and the telomere specific ssDNA binding protein Cdc13, often co-localize in dna2Δ cells. This suggests that telomeric defects often occur in dna2Δ cells. There are several plausible explanations for why the most critical function of Dna2 is at telomeres. Telomeres modulate the DNA damage response (DDR) at chromosome ends, inhibiting resection, ligation and cell cycle arrest. We suggest that Dna2 nuclease activity contributes to modulating the DNA damage response at telomeres by removing telomeric C-rich ssDNA and thus preventing checkpoint activation.
doi:10.1101/263228 fatcat:527cn4zzdvcwfnikwqkjw4hqvy