Value of quality information of Scots pine stands in timber bidding

A. Kangas, H. Mäkinen, H. T. Lyhykäinen
2010 Canadian Journal of Forest Research  
Differences in the intensity of silvicultural treatments, as well as natural tree mortality, insect damage and fungal disease can eventually lead to variable stand density even on sites of the same quality. In addition, the bigger the initial stand density, the smaller the crown and trunk volume of single trees. The objective of the research was a detailed analysis of the impact of stand density on the total stand volume and value of merchantable timber. The area studied was in Drawno Forest
more » ... in Drawno Forest District, north-west Poland, on sites with sandy soil conditions typical for Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). The total volume of merchantable roundwood was measured on 20 sample plots (each covering an area of 0.5 ha) of which 19 were in 82-year-old stands and one in an 87-year-old stand. The stands were divided into three stand density groups (SDG), where the average number of trees growing per group was as follows: 547 (SDG I), 651 (SDG II) and 765 (SDG III). The volume of a single tree was calculated using diameter (DBH) and height measurement. A quality classification of all 6432 tree stems was carried out in accordance with the Polish Stan-me of the stands studied, which was recorded as an average of 323 m 3 •ha -1 . However, statistically significant differences in the value of merchantable timber were observed: the highest value of 100 m 3 of merchantable timber was recorded in SDG I (€ 5118.87), 6 and 12% higher than in SDGs II and III (€ 4842.09 and € 4565.80, respectively). The results obtained suggest that in the final phase (the last two age classes), pine stands growing in Polish conditions should be maintained at a lower stand density.
doi:10.1139/x10-093 fatcat:c343pvlajngufjawfvt6ip4fgu