Nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium applied individually or as a slow release or controlled release fertilizer increase growth and yield and affect macronutrient and micronutrient concentration and content of field-grown tomato plants

Janet C. Cole, Michael W. Smith, Chad J. Penn, Becky S. Cheary, Kelley J. Conaghan
2016 Scientia Horticulturae  
BY-NC-ND license ( 4.0/). J.C. Cole et al. / Scientia Horticulturae 211 (2016) 420-430 421 Iron and Mn concentrations did not differ among fertilizer treatments for any tissue tested. Zinc concentration in leaves was greater when plants were fertilized with MAP, TSP, Ca sulfate, or Mg oxide than with ammonium sulfate. Zinc concentration of green fruit was greater when fertilized with MAP than with the hand mix, Ca sulfate or Mg oxide. Iron content
more » ... de. Iron content was highest in green fruit from plants fertilized with TSP and lowest in plants fertilized with ammonium sulfate or control plants. Manganese content of leaves from control plants was greater than that of plants receiving ammonium sulfate while red fruit from plants fertilized with the hand mix had a greater Mn content than red fruit from any other treatment. Foliar Zn content was greater in plants fertilized with Ca sulfate than in those fertilized with the hand mix, ammonium sulfate, or TSP. In contrast, Zn content of red fruit fertilized with the hand mix was greater than for red fruit in any other treatment. Green fruit from control plants and those receiving MAP had a greater Zn content than plants fertilized with the hand mix, TSP, or Mg oxide. Fertilizer application increased Fe, Mn, and Zn content of several plant tissues. None of the labels of fertilizers applied stated that they contained micronutrients; however, small amounts of contamination were possible. Differing micronutrient contents of various plant tissues among fertilizer treatments were probably associated with other elements affecting plant growth or nutrient uptake. The nutrient elements present in the various fertilizers were not always the nutrient elements affected in the plants likely due to another element that may have limited plant growth or nutrient uptake.
doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2016.09.028 fatcat:dzovj24frrdd3a54imnzvryje4