A fully coupled thermo-mechanical numerical modelling of the refill friction stir spot welding process in Alclad 7075-T6 aluminium alloy sheets

Andrzej Kubit, Tomasz Trzepiecinski
2020 Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering  
Refill friction stir spot welding (RFSSW) is a solid state joining technology that has the potential to replace processes such as the open-air fusion bonding technique and rivet technology in aerospace applications. Selection of proper RFSSW parameters is a crucial task which is important to ensure the mechanical strength of the joint. The aim of this paper is to undertake numerical modelling of the RFSSW process to understand the physics of the welding process, which involves large
more » ... , complex contact conditions and steep temperature gradients. Three-dimensional fully coupled thermo-mechanical models of RFSSW joints between Alclad 7075-T6 aluminium alloy sheets have been built in the finite-element-based program Simufact Forming. The simulation results included the temperature distribution and the stress and strain distributions in the overlap joint. The results of numerical computations have been compared with experimental ones. The numerical model was able to predict the mechanics of material flow during the joining of sheets of Alclad aluminium alloys using RFSSW. The predictions of the temperature gradient in the weld zone were in good agreement with the temperature measured experimentally. The numerical models that have been built are capable of simulating RFSSW to reduce the number of experiments required to set optimal welding parameters.
doi:10.1007/s43452-020-00127-w fatcat:iqvs7jxgt5ci5hj4mudfokpsmu