Pan-Cancer Prognostic, Immunity, Stemness, and Anticancer Drug Sensitivity Characterization of N6-Methyladenosine RNA Modification Regulators in Human Cancers

Rui Li, Yun-Hong Yin, Xiu-Li Ji, Xiao Liu, Jian-Ping Li, Yi-Qing Qu
<span title="2021-06-04">2021</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
N6-methyladenosine RNA modification plays a significant role in the progression of multiple tumorigenesis. Our study identified the imperative role of m6A regulators in the tumor immune microenvironment, survival, stemness score, and anticancer drug sensitivity of pan-cancer. The Wilcox test was to identify the differential expression between 17 m6A regulators across 33 TCGA cancer types and their normal tissues from UCSC Xena GDC pan-cancer. Survival analysis of m6A-related regulators in 33
more &raquo; ... A cancer types was identified using the "survival" and "survminer" package. The Spearman correlation test and Pearson correlation test were used to identify the correlation relationship between m6A regulators expression and tumor microenvironment, tumor stem cell score, and drug sensitivity of anticancer drugs. ConsensusPathDB was used for exploring m6A regulators functional enrichment. The 17 (METTL3, WTAP, METTL14, RBM15, RBM15B, VIRMA, HNRNPC, HNRNPA2B1, YTHDC1, ZC3H13, YTHDF1, YTHDC2, YTHDF2, IGF2BP3, IGF2BP1, FTO, and ALKBH5) m6A regulators were differentially expressed in 18 TCGA cancer types and adjacent normal tissues. Correlation analysis indicated that the relationship between the expression of 17 m6A regulators and tumor microenvironment indicated that the higher expression of m6A regulators, the higher the degree of tumor stem cells. The anticancer drug sensitivity analysis indicated that ZC3H13 expression had a positive relationship with anticancer drugs such as selumetinib, dabrafenib, cobimetinib, trametinib, and hypothemycin (p &lt; 0.001). YTHDF2 expression was significantly negatively correlated with the anticancer drug dasatinib (p &lt; 0.001). The pan-cancer immune subtype analysis showed that the 17 m6A regulators were significantly different in immune subtype C1 (wound healing), C3 (inflammatory), C2 (IFN-gamma dominant), C5 (immunological quiet), C4 (lymphocyte depleted), and C6 (TGF-beta dominant) (p &lt; 0.001). Our study provides a comprehensive insight for revealing the significant role of m6A regulators in the tumor immune microenvironment, stemness score, and anticancer drug sensitivity of human cancers.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.3389/fmolb.2021.644620</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:34150845</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC8211991</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:gjvxa3ndabapngvtizdbnqadfu</a> </span>
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