Efficacy of lead on germination growth & morphological studies of Horse Gram (Dolichos biflorus Linn)

Sharmila, S Saravanan
Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research   unpublished
The present investigation has been carried to find out the different concentration of lead on seed germination , seedling growth, fresh weight and dry weight three varieties of Horse gram (Dolichos biflorus Linn) seedlings. The horse gram seeds were procured from Tamil nadu Agricultural university (TNAU) Coimbatore. Three varieties of horse gram used for this experiment. Various concentration of lead acetate solutions were prepared (5,10,25,50,75,100,250,500 and 1000 ppm)by using distilled
more » ... sing distilled water. All the morphological growth parameters of the 9 th day seedlings showed decreasing trend with the increasing of lead concentration.The seedlings under 500 and1000 ppm were totally leathal.The percentage of phytotoxicity values were directly proportional to the lead concentrations. From the morphological growth parameters among these three varieties of horse gram, only two varieties (co-1 and P-2) selected .However the higher concentration of lead treatment showed the minimum growth of p-2.So, it can be concluded that the variety Co-1 of horse gram was found to be a tolerant variety can be cultivated in the soils contaminated with lead. This will prevent the extent of damage caused by lead on growth of horse gram to certain extent.