Higher subsoil carbon storage in species-rich than species-poor temperate forests

Per-Marten Schleuß, Felix Heitkamp, Christoph Leuschner, Ann-Catrin Fender, Hermann F Jungkunst
2014 Environmental Research Letters  
Forest soils contribute ca. 70% to the global soil organic carbon (SOC) pool and thus are an important element of the global carbon cycle. Forests also harbour a large part of the global terrestrial biodiversity. It is not clear, however, whether tree species diversity affects SOC. By measuring the carbon concentration of different soil particle size fractions separately, we were able to distinguish between effects of fine particle content and tree species composition on the SOC pool in
more » ... th broad-leaved forest plots along a tree diversity gradient (1-, 3-and 5-species). Variation in clay content explained part of the observed SOC increase from monospecific to mixed forests, but we show that the carbon concentration per unit clay or fine silt in the subsoil was by 30-35% higher in mixed than monospecific stands indicating a significant species identity or species diversity effect on C stabilization. Underlying causes may be differences in fine root biomass and turnover, in leaf litter decomposition rate among the tree species, and/or species-specific rhizosphere effects on soil. Our findings may have important implications for forestry offering management options through preference of mixed stands that could increase forest SOC pools and mitigate climate warming.
doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/1/014007 fatcat:drdwoyjhlfgebcwvthv3eeiveq