THE IMPORTANCE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC BACKGROUND ON EDUCATION IN AN UNEQUAL SOCIETY: THE CASE OF ISRAEL

Shirly Cohen, Valér Veres, Babes-Bolyai University, Department of Sociology, Cluj-Napoca (Romania). Email: shirlyc570@gmail.com", "Babes-Bolyai University, Department of Sociology, Cluj-Napoca (Romania). Email: veres.valer@ubbcluj.ro"
2020 PedActa  
Intergenerational mobility in salary describes the correlation between the parents' economic background and their children's success in labor market and it is very important to understand the long term meanings of inequality. It was found that there is an intergenerational reproduction regarding social classes: basic economic and educational inferiority is maintained and even expanded throughout life (Brandes, 1996) . The literature in Israel mainly focuses in the subject of children's academic
more » ... children's academic success regarding the question of the social-economic status influence on parenting of adolescents. The research findings show that there is a direct correlation between the parents' education level and their children's education level, and there is a direct correlation between parents' economic status and their children's education (Brandt, 2018) . The international research findings (amongst the OECD countries) shows a disturbing picture regarding the education system in Israel and the intergenerational mobility status. Israel is ranked in all PISA international test cycles in the three first places of students' gaps, and at the same time, the poverty rate stays stable along the years and ranked high in international observations. In this article the author will present the theories explaining the individual's social status and the cause of intergenerational fixation. In addition, the author will present the education system's importance in social mobility and the reasons influencing the student's success in school. This paper goal is to emphasize the important aspects in the research literature, which might improve the education system in Israel and reduce students' gaps in schools and therefore support breakthrough to real equality in the Israeli society.
doi:10.24193/pedacta.10.1.1 fatcat:wcnbqqlhevd4de7d7uslfqdoyy