Trends in Subcutaneous Tumour Height and Impact on Measurement Accuracy [article]

Daniel Brough, Hope Amos, Jake Murkin, Karl Turley
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
Tumour volume is typically calculated using only length and width measurements, using width as a proxy for height in a 1:1 ratio. When tracking tumour growth over time, important morphological information and measurement accuracy is lost by ignoring height, which we show is a unique variable. Lengths, widths, and heights of 9,522 subcutaneous tumours in mice were measured using 3D and thermal imaging. The average width:height ratio was found to be 1:3 proving that using width as a proxy for
more » ... ht overestimates tumour volume. Comparing volumes calculated with and without tumour height to the true volumes of excised tumours indeed showed that using the volume formula including height produced volumes 36X more accurate. Monitoring the width:height relationship (prominence) across tumour growth curves indicated that prominence varied, and that height could change independent of width. Twelve cell lines were investigated individually; the scale of tumour prominence was cell line-dependent with relatively less prominent tumours (MC38, BL2, LL/2) and more prominent tumours (RENCA, HCT116) detected. Prominence trends across the growth cycle were also dependent on cell line; prominence was correlated with tumour growth in some cell lines (4T1, CT26, LNCaP), but not others (MC38, TC-1, LL/2). When pooled, invasive cell lines produced tumours that were significantly less prominent at volumes >1200mm3 compared to non-invasive cell lines (P<0.001). Modelling was used to show the impact of the increased accuracy gained by including height in volume calculations on several efficacy study outcomes. Variations in accuracy contribute to experimental variation and irreproducibility of data, therefore we strongly advise researchers to measure height to improve accuracy in tumour studies.
doi:10.1101/2022.09.29.510123 fatcat:7awgzih3cfbovezwjh4xykse2q