Adsorption Studies on the Removal of Hexavalent Chromium-Contaminated Wastewater Using Activated Carbon and Bentonite

Abdel Monem M. Ahmed
2013 Asian Journal of Chemistry  
In this study, the adsorption potential of activated carbon and bentonite for removal of Cr(VI) ions from wastewater has been investigated. The study involves batch type experiments to investigate the effects of initial concentration, adsorbent dose, agitation speed, contact time, temperature and pH of solution on adsorption process and the evaluation of optimum conditions. The adsorption process has fit pseudo-second order kinetic models. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models were
more » ... applied to analyze adsorption data, and both were found to be applicable to this adsorption process. Thermodynamic parameters, e.g., ∆G • , ∆S • and ∆H • of the on-going adsorption process have also been calculated and found the sorption process as endothermic. Finally, it can be seen that bentonite was found to be more effective for the removal of Cr(VI) than activated carbon, under the same experimental conditions.
doi:10.14233/ajchem.2013.13559 fatcat:fmudxhnl25bstniyadb3i3yx5m