Direct Evidence for Octupole Deformation in Ba146 and the Origin of Large E1 Moment Variations in Reflection-Asymmetric Nuclei

B. Bucher, S. Zhu, C. Y. Wu, R. V. F. Janssens, R. N. Bernard, L. M. Robledo, T. R. Rodríguez, D. Cline, A. B. Hayes, A. D. Ayangeakaa, M. Q. Buckner, C. M. Campbell (+15 others)
2017 Physical Review Letters  
Despite the more than one order of magnitude difference between the measured dipole moments in ^144Ba and ^146Ba, the strength of the octupole correlations in ^146Ba are found to be as strong as those in ^144Ba with a similarly large value of B(E3;3^- → 0^+) determined as 48(^+21_-29) W.u. The new results not only establish unambiguously the presence of a region of octupole deformation centered on these neutron-rich Ba isotopes, but also manifest the dependence of the electric dipole moments on
more » ... the occupancy of different neutron orbitals in nuclei with enhanced octupole strength, as revealed by fully microscopic calculations.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.118.152504 pmid:28452498 fatcat:skrhgjsbgzdflo2odpclsexsxu