Forward dynamics simulations provide insight into muscle mechanical work during human locomotion

Richard R Neptune, Craig P McGowan, Steven A Kautz
2009 Exercise and sport sciences reviews  
Complex musculoskeletal models and computer simulations can provide critical insight into muscle mechanical work output during locomotion. Simulations provide both a consistent mechanical solution that can be interrogated at multiple levels (muscle fiber, musculotendon, net joint moment, and whole-body work) and an ideal framework to identify limitations with different estimates of muscle work and the resulting implications for metabolic cost and efficiency.
doi:10.1097/jes.0b013e3181b7ea29 pmid:19955870 pmcid:PMC2789343 fatcat:wfmtfnawzzh7jg7jaosyakbnia