Comparative Evaluation for an Improved Direct Instantaneous Torque Control Strategy of Switched Reluctance Motor Drives for Electric Vehicles

Mahmoud Hamouda, Amir Abdel Menaem, Hegazy Rezk, Mohamed N. Ibrahim, László Számel
2021 Mathematics  
Due to the expected increase in the electric vehicles (EVs) sales and hence the increase of the price of rare-earth permanent magnets, the switched reluctance motors (SRMs) are gaining increasing research interest currently and in the future. The SRMs offer numerous advantages regarding their structure and converter topologies. However, they suffer from the high torque ripple and complex control algorithms. This paper presents an improved direct instantaneous torque control (DITC) strategy of
more » ... Ms for EVs. The improved DITC can fulfill the vehicle requirements. It involves a simple online torque estimator and a torque error compensator. The turn-on angle is defined analytically to achieve wide speed operation and maximum torque per ampere (MTPA) production. Moreover, the turn-off angles are optimized for minimum torque ripples and the highest efficiency. In addition, this paper provides a detailed comparison between the proposed DITC and the most applicable torque control techniques of SRMs for EVs, including indirect instantaneous torque control (IITC), using torque sharing function (TSF) strategy and average torque control (ATC). The results show the superior performance of the proposed DITC because it has the lowest torque ripples, the highest torque tor current ratio, and the best efficiency over the low and medium speed ranges. Moreover, the comparison shows the advantages of each control technique over the range of speed control. It provides a very clear overview to develop a universal control technique of SRM for EVs by merging two or more control techniques.
doi:10.3390/math9040302 fatcat:masbi3ejbvhsrpaenmbg7drnfe