Dependence of formation of small disulfide loops in two-cysteine peptides on the number and types of intervening amino acids

R M Zhang, G H Snyder
1989 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Microscopic disulfide-exchange rate constants have been measured for the formation and opening of small disulfide loops in reactions between glutathione and peptides containing 2 cysteines. Twelve cysteine-Xm-cysteine peptides have been studied, where X is an amino acid and m is the number of amino acids between the cysteines. Homopolymers of alanine for m equaling 0-5 are evaluated, as well as X1 and X2 series employing glycine, valine, or proline. Equilibrium constants Kc for loop closing are
more » ... or loop closing are only slightly dependent on the nature of X. Loops with even values of m generally are favored relative to loops with odd values. Kc increases in the rank order X1, X3, X0, X5, X4, and X2. Formation of a disulfide between sequentially adjacent cysteines therefore is not especially difficult. The dependence of Kc on the odd-even nature of m is compared with similar patterns observed both in statistics of disulfide formation in naturally occurring proteins and in theoretical studies of peptide cyclization. The relative equilibrium populations of intramolecular disulfides in peptides containing cysteine-cysteine-cysteine and cysteine-serine-cysteine-serine-cysteine clusters are consistent with predictions based on the values of Kc in the two-cysteine peptides.
pmid:2808384 fatcat:rpn3lqkrwjfq3cf2o5q6nwck4a