Explicit symplectic algorithms based on generating functions for relativistic charged particle dynamics in time-dependent electromagnetic field
Physics of Plasmas
Relativistic dynamics of a charged particle in time-dependent electromagnetic fields has theoretical significance and a wide range of applications. It is often multi-scale and requires accurate long-term numerical simulations using symplectic integrators. For modern large-scale particle simulations in complex, time-dependent electromagnetic field, explicit symplectic algorithms are much more preferable. In this paper, we treat the relativistic dynamics of a particle as a Hamiltonian system on
... e cotangent space of the space-time, and construct for the first time explicit symplectic algorithms for relativistic charged particles of order 2 and 3 using the sum-split technique and generating functions.