Assessment of CYGNSS Wind Speed Retrievals in Tropical Cyclones

Lucrezia Ricciardulli, Carl Mears, Andrew Manaster, Thomas Meissner
2021 Remote Sensing  
The NASA CYGNSS satellite constellation measures ocean surface winds using the existing network of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and was designed for measurements in tropical cyclones (TCs). Here, we focus on using a consistent methodology to validate multiple CYGNSS wind data records currently available to the public, some focusing on low to moderate wind speeds, others for high winds, a storm-centric product for TC analyses, and a wind dataset from NOAA that applies a
more » ... e bias correction. Our goal is to document their differences and provide guidance to users. The assessment of CYGNSS winds (2017–2020) is performed here at global scales and for all wind regimes, with particular focus on TCs, using measurements from radiometers that are specifically developed for high winds: SMAP, WindSat, and AMSR2 TC-winds. The CYGNSS high-wind products display significant biases in TCs and very large uncertainties. Similar biases and large uncertainties were found with the storm-centric wind product. On the other hand, the NOAA winds show promising skill in TCs, approaching a level suitable for tropical meteorology studies. At the global level, the NOAA winds are overall unbiased at wind regimes from 0–30 m/s and were selected for a test assimilation into a global wind analysis, CCMP, also presented here.
doi:10.3390/rs13245110 fatcat:l7m4tactbfdqha4fpsffvm2r3e