Combinatorial Prophet Inequalities [article]

Aviad Rubinstein, Sahil Singla
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We introduce a novel framework of Prophet Inequalities for combinatorial valuation functions. For a (non-monotone) submodular objective function over an arbitrary matroid feasibility constraint, we give an O(1)-competitive algorithm. For a monotone subadditive objective function over an arbitrary downward-closed feasibility constraint, we give an O( n ^2 r)-competitive algorithm (where r is the cardinality of the largest feasible subset). Inspired by the proof of our subadditive prophet
more » ... ty, we also obtain an O( n ·^2 r)-competitive algorithm for the Secretary Problem with a monotone subadditive objective function subject to an arbitrary downward-closed feasibility constraint. Even for the special case of a cardinality feasibility constraint, our algorithm circumvents an Ω(√(n)) lower bound by Bateni, Hajiaghayi, and Zadimoghaddam BHZ13-submodular-secretary_original in a restricted query model. En route to our submodular prophet inequality, we prove a technical result of independent interest: we show a variant of the Correlation Gap Lemma for non-monotone submodular functions.
arXiv:1611.00665v1 fatcat:qdks4q6gq5fr7dc7wocdlllckm