Martelella endophytica sp. nov., an antifungal bacterium associated with a halophyte

F. Bibi, E. J. Chung, A. Khan, C. O. Jeon, Y. R. Chung
2013 International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology  
A Gram-staining-negative, non-spore-forming endophytic bacterium, designated strain YC6887 T , was isolated from a root sample of a halophyte, Rosa rugosa, collected from a tidal flat area of Namhae Island, located at the southern end of Korea. Strain YC6887 T was found to exhibit inhibitory activity against oomycete plant pathogens. The cells were non-motile and aerobic rods. The strain was able to grow at 4-40 6C (optimum 28-30 6C) and at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum pH 7.0-8.5). Strain YC6887 T was
more » ... le to grow at NaCl concentrations of 0-9 % (w/v) with optimum growth at 4-5 % (w/v) NaCl, but NaCl is not essential for growth. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain was a member of the genus Martelella, a member of order Rhizobiales, exhibiting highest similarity with Martelella mediterranea (98.6 %). The DNA-DNA relatedness between strain YC6887 T and M. mediterranea MACL11 T was 19.8±6.8. Chemotaxonomically, strain YC6887 T contained C 19 : 0 cyclo v8c (28.0 %) and C 18 : 1 v7c (17.9 %) as predominant fatty acids, confirming the affiliation of strain YC6887 T with the genus Martelella. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10 and the DNA G+C content was 62.1 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic analysis, physiological and biochemical characterization and DNA-DNA hybridization data, strain YC6887 T should be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Martelella, for which the name Martelella endophytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC6887 T (5KCCM 43011 T 5NBRC 109149 T ).
doi:10.1099/ijs.0.048785-0 pmid:23355694 fatcat:t4mv4yn2lfathgvw3f3jjvfvwq