Does Honesty Require Time? Two Preregistered Direct Replications of Experiment 2 of Shalvi, Eldar, and Bereby-Meyer (2012)

Ine Van der Cruyssen, Jonathan D'hondt, Ewout Meijer, Bruno Verschuere
2020 Psychological Science  
Shalvi, Eldar, and Bereby-Meyer (2012) found across two studies ( N = 72 for each) that time pressure increased cheating. These findings suggest that dishonesty comes naturally, whereas honesty requires overcoming the initial tendency to cheat. Although the study's results were statistically significant, a Bayesian reanalysis indicates that they had low evidential strength. In a direct replication attempt of Shalvi et al.'s Experiment 2, we found that time pressure did not increase cheating, N
more » ... 428, point biserial correlation ( r ) = .05, Bayes factor (BF) = 16.06. One important deviation from the original procedure, however, was the use of mass testing. In a second direct replication with small groups of participants, we found that time pressure also did not increase cheating, N = 297, r = .03, BF = 9.59. These findings indicate that the original study may have overestimated the true effect of time pressure on cheating and the generality of the effect beyond the original context.
doi:10.1177/0956797620903716 pmid:32156182 pmcid:PMC7168803 fatcat:stgpks4rnbe5paq5gagqupa4qi