Fusarium fujikuroi species complex in Brazilian rice: unveiling increased phylogenetic diversity and toxigenic potential [post]

Camila Primieri Nicolli, Miriam Haidukowskic, Antonia Susca, Larissa Bitencourt Gomes, Antonio Logrieco, Gaetano Stea, Emerson Medeiros Del Ponte, Antonio Moretti, Ludwig H. Pfenning
2020 unpublished
Fusarium fujikuroi species complex (FFSC) species are commonly encountered infecting rice, but knowledge of the diversity and toxigenic potential of the species is lacking in Brazil, the largest rice-producing country outside Asia. One hundred FFSC isolates obtained from national rice were identified using morphology and phylogeny of TEF, CAL and TUB genes. Eight previously known and one new phylogenetic species were identified. Three species accounted for around 60% of the strains: F.
more » ... (n = 23), F. proliferatum (n = 22) and F. verticillioides (n = 16). The less frequent species were F. volatile (n = 8), F. anthophilum (n = 6), F. pseudocircinatum (n = 4), F. sterilihyphosum (n = 2) and F. begoniae (n = 1). The new Fusarium sp. was represented by 18 isolates. All species produced at least one of the analyzed mycotoxins [beauvericin (BEA), fumonisins (FBs), moniliformin (MON) and enniatins (ENNs)]. BEA was produced by all species but F. verticillioides. The FBs (mainly FB1) were produced mostly by F. fujikuroi, F. proliferatum and F. verticillioides. F. begoniae and F. verticillioides did not produce ENNs and F. sterilihyphosum and F. begoniae did no produce MON, while the other species produced MON and ENNs. Our results contribute new knowledge of the diversity, geographical distribution and hosts of FFSC species.
doi:10.31219/osf.io/kwvq5 fatcat:c4d6izjfo5a63gia7pzi6nceje