A Numerical Investigation of a Plasmonic Sensor Based on a Metal-Insulator-Metal Waveguide for Simultaneous Detection of Biological Analytes and Ambient Temperature

Nikolay L. Kazanskiy, Svetlana N. Khonina, Muhammad A. Butt, Andrzej Kaźmierczak, Ryszard Piramidowicz
2021 Nanomaterials  
A multipurpose plasmonic sensor design based on a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) waveguide is numerically investigated in this paper. The proposed design can be instantaneously employed for biosensing and temperature sensing applications. The sensor consists of two simple resonant cavities having a square and circular shape, with the side coupled to an MIM bus waveguide. For biosensing operation, the analytes can be injected into the square cavity while a thermo-optic polymer is deposited in the
more » ... rcular cavity, which provides a shift in resonance wavelength according to the variation in ambient temperature. Both sensing processes work independently. Each cavity provides a resonance dip at a distinct position in the transmission spectrum of the sensor, which does not obscure the analysis process. Such a simple configuration embedded in the single-chip can potentially provide a sensitivity of 700 nm/RIU and −0.35 nm/°C for biosensing and temperature sensing, respectively. Furthermore, the figure of merit (FOM) for the biosensing module and temperature sensing module is around 21.9 and 0.008, respectively. FOM is the ratio between the sensitivity of the device and width of the resonance dip. We suppose that the suggested sensor design can be valuable in twofold ways: (i) in the scenarios where the testing of the biological analytes should be conducted in a controlled temperature environment and (ii) for reducing the influence on ambient temperature fluctuations on refractometric measurements in real-time mode.
doi:10.3390/nano11102551 pmid:34684992 fatcat:255vmty6qvew5jf6f4um4c3ocy