Deir St. Macarius Of Alexandria In Wadi El-Rayan, Fayoum: A Forgotten Monastery

MAHER EISSA, Louay M.Saied, Abdelrazek Elnaggar
2016 Zenodo  
The Fayoum region is a very interesting and important place not only for papyrologists but also for archaeologists. In fact, the archaeological studies in Fayoum have broad dimensions in time and space. However, a decade ago, Gawdat Gabra, provided the recent and comprehensive book on Fayoumic Coptic studies (including history, language and archaeology etc.). Fayoum was regarded as a fertile archaeological region that promised to bring to light hitherto unknown antiquities. Consequently, the
more » ... onsequently, the new discoveries and finds provide a great deal of information and details about Fayoum in Coptic era. Thanks to the dry climate, this preserved huge number of archaeological sites and finds. . One can say 'No volume about the history of Christianity and Monasticism in Egypt would be complete without a chapter about Fayoum region'. There is a strong reason to believe that Christianity found its way to the Fayoum region if not simultaneously with, then shortly after, its entrance into the Delta. Actually, there is a very little information about Deir St. Macarius of Alexandria in Wadi el-Rayan. However, it was already mentioned in a few published works as that of Ahmed Fakhry (1905-1973), an Egyptian archaeologist, visited the area of Deir St. Marcarius of Alexandria in Wadi el-Rayan in pursuit of his archaeological concerns, which is considered the only archaeological investigation carried out at this the site. A few more details were recorded by traveling scholars who saw the monastery and the hills in vicinity.12 For instance, Otto Meinardus had examined and described the caves and the church. The monastery locates in the south of the depression of Wadi el-Rayan "Ain Al-Rayan al-Bahriya". The monastery, repopulated since 1960s, is situated in the south eastern region of the Fayoum province in Egypt, at the foot of a ridge of desert hills that belong to the mountain on Wadi el-Rayan. It lies about 170 km southwest of Cairo, and 35 km southeast of the recent city of Fayoum, the capital of t [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.546352 fatcat:dvzi34hdpjh2ddse7mvoutuhjy