On discontinuous Galerkin approach for atmospheric flow in the mesoscale with and without moisture

Dieter Schuster, Slavko Brdar, Michael Baldauf, Andreas Dedner, Robert Klöfkorn, Dietmar Kröner
2014 Meteorologische Zeitschrift  
We present and discuss discontinuous Galerkin (DG) schemes for dry and moist atmospheric flows in the mesoscale. We derive terrain-following coordinates on the sphere in strong-conservation form, which makes it possible to perform the computation on a Cartesian grid and yet conserves the momentum density on an f -plane. A new DG model, i.e. DG-COSMO, is compared to the operational model COSMO of the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD). A simplified version of the suggested terrain-following
more » ... is implemented in DG-COSMO and is compared against the DG dynamical core implemented within the DUNE framework, which uses unstructured grids to capture orography. Finally, a few idealised test cases, including 3d and moisture, are used for validation. In addition an estimate of efficiency for locally adaptive grids is derived for locally and non-locally occurring phenomena.
doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2014/0565 fatcat:v6nb6boolzcd7docf6tmcz76ge