DEVELOPMENT OF THE MODE OF MASHING KVASS BASED ON BUCKWHEAT RAW MATERIALS
SERIES CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY
РАЗРАБОТКА РЕЖИМА ЗАТИРАНИЯ КВАСА НА ОСНОВЕ ГРЕЧИШНОГО СЫРЬЯ
The preparation of soft drinks is an actively developing branch of the food industry in the Republic of Kazakhstan. To meet the interests of all producers, the enterprises annually produce a large number of non-alcoholic products. To maintain a healthy competition of the enterprise for preparation of soft drinks, create and apply the technology not previously known and expand the assortment of products annually. One of the most popular segments of this market is kvass. This is mainly due to the
... fact that all over the world there is an increasing demand for products made from natural raw materials, prepared without the addition of any synthetic additives and ingredients. In recent years, there has been an active increase in the consumption of kvass and its replacement with a large share of the market of carbonated soft drinks. The domestic kvass market is very rich and diverse, but there is a problem with the lack of functional drinks for certain groups of citizens. Creating a wide range of functional food products, including beverages, is becoming feasible. At the same time, in the production of kvass, it is important to use non-traditional raw materials, including buckwheat, the introduction of which in the kvass technology allows you to significantly expand the product range. A distinctive feature of buckwheat, which determines the prospects for use in the production of kvass, is its chemical composition. It is rich in vitamins and is considered an important source of antioxidants due to its high concentration of flavonoids. Buckwheat contains rutin, quercetin, folic acid, quercitrin, hyperoside. Thus, the replacement of barley malt with buckwheat contributes to an increase in the proportion of natural flavonoids in the drink, and therefore in the human diet. In this article, studies have been conducted to study the effect of the dose of buckwheat, buckwheat flakes, buckwheat malt and methods of their pretreatment on the effectiveness of the mashing process, when using it as an unsalted material. Buckwheat grains, buckwheat flakes and buckwheat malt were used in the work. Studies of mashing modes and indicators that determine their effectiveness have shown that the use of buckwheat malt in the backfill is more optimal than buckwheat grain. Studies have shown that the most economical and promising when using extruded buckwheat flakes as an unsalted material is the use of a single-boil mashing mode. However, the use of such raw materials is possible in concentrations not exceeding 30% of the backfill. If you need to increase the proportion of buckwheat in the backfill, you should use buckwheat malt. In this case, it is necessary to apply a mashing mode with intermittent heating, which is likely to compensate for the cost of producing malt from buckwheat grain.