Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against potato tuber moth,Phthorimaea operculella(Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) under laboratory conditions

Mahnaz Hassani-Kakhki, Javad Karimi, Mojtaba Hosseini
2013 Biocontrol science and technology (Print)  
The susceptibility of potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) to native and commercial strains of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) was studied under laboratory conditions. Native strains of EPNs were collected from northeastern Iran and characterised as Steinernema feltiae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (FUM 7) using classic methods as well as analysis of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and D2/D3 sequences of 28S genes. Plate assays were performed to
more » ... evaluate the efficiency of five EPN strains belonging to four species including Steinernema carpocapsae (commercial strain), S. feltiae, Steinernem glaseri and H. bacteriophora (FUM 7 and commercial strains). This initial assessment with 0, 75, 150, 250, 375 and 500 IJs/ml concentrations showed that S. carpocapsae and H. bacteriophora caused the highest mortality in both larval and prepupal stages of P. operculella, PTM. Thereafter, these three strains (i.e. S. carpocapsae, H. bacteriophora FUM 7 and the commercial strains) were selected for complementary assays to determine the effects of soil type (loamy, loamyÁsandy and sandy) on the virulence of EPNs against the second (L2) and fourth instar (L4) larvae as well as prepupa. A soil column assay was conducted using 500 and 2000 IJs in 2-ml distilled water. Mortality in the L2 larvae was not affected by the EPN strain or soil type, while there was a significant interactive effect of nematode strains and soil type on larval mortality. The results also showed that EPN strains have higher efficiency in lighter soils and caused higher mortality on early larvae than that in loamy soil. In L4 larvae, mortality of PTM was significantly influenced by nematode strain and applied concentrations of infective juveniles. The larval mortality induced by S. carpocapsae was higher than those caused either by a commercial or the FUM 7 strain of H. bacteriophora. Prepupa were the most susceptible stage.
doi:10.1080/09583157.2012.745481 fatcat:24bt53peerbvvevczfod4txujy