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When feedback follows a sequence of decisions, relationships between actions and outcomes can be difficult to learn. We used event-related potentials (ERPs) to understand how people overcome this temporal credit assignment problem. Participants performed a sequential decision task that required two decisions on each trial. The first decision led to an intermediate state that was predictive of the trial outcome, and the second decision was followed by positive or negative trial feedback. Thedoi:10.3758/s13415-011-0027-0 pmid:21416212 pmcid:PMC3208325 fatcat:j6j6dka3efd3nnnpwhlb2aahkq