UC Merced Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society Title Spoken Words Activate Cross-Linguistic Orthographic Competitors in the Absence of Phonological Overlap Permalink Spoken Words Activate Cross-Linguistic Orthographic Competitors in the Absence of Phonological Overlap
Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
Related languages, like English and Spanish, often have similar orthographies but use the same letters to represent different sounds. Learning a second language frequently involves learning additional letter-sound mappings that mismatch those in the native language. In the current study, we investigated whether L2 spoken words activate L2 orthography despite conflict with L1 orthography-to-phonology mappings. Participants first learned an artificial language with letter-sound map-pings that
... map-pings that mismatched English (e.g., the letter 'G' represented the sound /h/, and the word /gufO/ was spelled 'hane'). Next, fixations of L1 crosslinguistic orthographic competitors (e.g., 'cane') in response to auditory L2 input (e.g., /gufO/) were assessed using the visual world paradigm. Results showed that participants fixated L1 competitors that overlapped with L2 targets orthographically (but not phonologically) more than unrelated fillers. We conclude that second language learners can rapidly acquire novel letter-sound mappings, and words based on these mappings are integrated into the existing lexicon where they can activate orthographic competitors in the native language.