Effect of acid-assisted hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process of tree branches using nitric acid on cadmium adsorption

Reza Khoshbouy, Rico Lejiu, Fumitake Takahashi, Kunio Yoshikawa, E. Kusrini, F.H. Juwono, A. Yatim, E.A. Setiawan
2018 E3S Web of Conferences  
Application of acid in HTC process has been confirmed to have effect on hydrochar properties related to its adsorption capacity. Woody materials (tree branches) were used to investigate the relation of nitric acid addition in HTC process on the hydrochar surface properties and its adsorption mechanism toward cadmium in water solution. Tree branches were processed at 200-260 0 C mixed with water and nitric acid (HNO3) at ratio 0-50% to hydrochar mass and held for holding time of 30, 105 and 180
more » ... inutes. Batch adsorption test was conducted by mixing the hydrochars with cadmium solution at 100 ppm and shaken for 24 hours at room temperature. The BET surface area, oxygen functional group (OFG) and the exchanged cations were analysed to investigate the effect of HTC process condition, nitric acid addition, and adsorption mechanism of cadmium. Tree branches treated at 200 0 C for 30 minutes and acid ratio of 50% showed the best adsorption result. Analysis on the surface properties also showed the best condition for cadmium adsorption. Thus hydrothermal treatment condition at low temperature, short time and high acid ratio usage could be effective in removing cadmium from water. The cadmium adsorption by cation exchange interaction might be the major adsorption mechanism as shown by consistency of trend of the exchanged cation concentration with cadmium adsorption capacity.
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20186703033 fatcat:zmp5qxdwlzhlnodiesyuaepvda