HALO MASS DEPENDENCE OF H I AND O VI ABSORPTION: EVIDENCE FOR DIFFERENTIAL KINEMATICS
We studied a sample of 14 galaxies (0.1 < z < 0.7) using HST/WFPC2 imaging and high-resolution HST/COS or HST/STIS quasar spectroscopy of Lya, Lyb, OVI1031, and OVI1037 absorption. The galaxies, having 10.8 < log(M/M_solar) < 12.2, lie within D = 300 kpc of quasar sightlines, probing out to D/R_vir = 3. When the full range of galaxy virial masses and D/R_vir of the sample are examined, 40% of the HI absorbing clouds can be inferred to be escaping their host halo. The fraction of bound clouds
... of bound clouds decreases as D/R_vir increases such that the escaping fraction is around 15% for D/R_vir < 1, around 45% for 1 < D/R_vir < 2, and around 90% for 2 < D/R_vir < 3. Adopting the median mass log(M/M_solar) = 11.5 to divide the sample into "higher" and "lower" mass galaxies, we find mass dependency for the hot CGM kinematics. To our survey limits, OVI absorption is found in only 40% of the HI clouds in and around lower mass halos as compared to 85% around higher mass halos. For D/R < 1, lower mass halos have an escape fraction of 65%, whereas higher mass halos have an escape fraction of 5%. For 1 < D/R_vir < 2, the escape fractions are 55% and 35% for lower mass and higher mass halos, respectively. For 2 < D/R_vir < 3, the escape fraction for lower mass halos is around 90%. We show that it is highly likely that the absorbing clouds reside within 4 virial radii of their host galaxies and that the kinematics are dominated by outflows. Our finding of "differential kinematics" is consistent with the scenario of "differential wind recycling" proposed by Oppenheimer et al. We discuss the implications for galaxy evolution, the stellar to halo mass function, and the mass metallicity relationship of galaxies.