Investigating the versatility of multifunctional silver nanoparticles: preparation and inspection of their potential as wound treatment agents

Geewoo Nam, Baskaran Purushothaman, Sabarinathan Rangasamy, Joon Myong Song
2015 International Nano Letters  
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are capable of inhibiting the growth of a broad spectrum of bacterial species. The minute size of the nanoparticulates enhances their biocidal activity and is thus widely utilized as antibacterial agents. The most recently researched and recognized antibacterial and wound-healing properties of published AgNPs were investigated in this article. The following parameters of the AgNPs affecting their properties and potency were explored: particle size, shape, and type
more » ... ligand or stabilizing agent. Research regarding the antibacterial activity enhancement of high-valent silver nanoparticles compared to those of the lower valent forms were summarized and analyzed. Nanocrystalline silver is capable of binding to components that may enhance their preparation and antibacterial properties. By forming complexes with ligands that exhibit desired properties, silver nanoparticles can be synthesized to exhibit those desired properties without compromising their performance. This review will provide a detailed discussion regarding the parameter-dependent bactericidal properties of silver nanoparticles and nanocomposite silver complexes as potent multifunctional wound-healing agents. Graphical Abstract Keywords Silver nanoparticles Á High-valence silver Á Antibacterial Á Wound healing Á Cell proliferation Abbreviations AgNPs Silver nanoparticles ADP Adenosine diphosphate ATP Adenosine triphosphate SEM Scanning electron microscopy AFM Atomic force microscopy DLS Dynamic light scattering TEM Transmission electron microscopy XPS X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XRD Powder X-ray diffraction
doi:10.1007/s40089-015-0168-1 fatcat:ed6rff3f5bfapny6vctohuyjsa