Madonna [book]

Susan McClary
2001 Oxford Music Online   unpublished
This work demonstrates results of study of museum and exhibition activity, which forming modern sociоcultural space at the examples of Renaissance and Mannerism art works from the Stroganovs and the Demidovs collections. The members of these families of Ural and Siberian industrialists, patrons of arts and philanthropists possessed the richest collections of world-class art works. Authors pay attention on such work as "Madonna del Popolo", also known as "The Holy Family". Now this masterpiece
more » ... this masterpiece is stored in the Nizhny Tagil Municipal Museum of Fine Arts. Academician Igor Grabar, who saved it from destroy, considered that this artwork belongs to the authorship of Raphael Santi. The second masterpiece "The Holy Family with Infant Saint John the Baptist" by Agnolo Bronzino now is in the Pushkin State Art Museum (Moscow). Each painter in its own way have revealed the images of the Holy Family, especially Madonna and Infant Christ. Raphael did it in the traditions of the High Renaissance and Bronzino followed the best achievements of Mannerism. These paintings are especially important and valuable because Italian painter, architect and writer Giorgio Vasari, known as the founder of art history as branch of science, have paid his attention on them. The researchers give characteristics to members of the Stroganovs and the Demidovs families on the context of the stated problem. The President of the Academy of Arts and the Director of the Imperial Public Library, the Count A. S. Stroganov bought for his collection the "Holy Family with Infant Saint John the Baptist" by Agnolo Bronzino. The owner of Nizhny Tagil factories N. N. Demidov, who also was a Russian envoy to the Duchy Tuscany (Florence), is connected with inclusion of "Madonna" by Raphael in his art collection. In the study the materials of Grabar's monograph are analyzed, the results of author's own scientific research and the detailed section on the Demidovs' Madonna attribution are given. There are used cultural research and art criticism methods of analysis, for instance, with attraction of "Madonna Doni" by Michelangelo. The acquisition and transfer to Russia of this unique incarnations of the "Holy family" enriched the historical and cultural space not only of the owners and people close to the families, but also of the wider social circles, because these paintings were becoming an integral part of museum and exhibition activities. As a modern example authors analyze the exhibition "Madonna by Raphael from Nizhny Tagil", where the samples from the collection of the Demidovs, Ural and Sibirian magnates, in the Hall of Arts of the South Ural State University were presented. It is established that, using them, the university academic exhibition has fulfilled the important task of the complex formation of cultural identity of students in the interaction of its regional, national and supranational (universal) aspects.
doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.46456 fatcat:54atczuharfwth2yxnajdjb65q