Deep Metric Learning for Few-Shot Image Classification: A Review of Recent Developments [article]

Xiaoxu Li, Xiaochen Yang, Zhanyu Ma, Jing-Hao Xue
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Few-shot image classification is a challenging problem that aims to achieve the human level of recognition based only on a small number of training images. One main solution to few-shot image classification is deep metric learning. These methods, by classifying unseen samples according to their distances to few seen samples in an embedding space learned by powerful deep neural networks, can avoid overfitting to few training images in few-shot image classification and have achieved the
more » ... he-art performance. In this paper, we provide an up-to-date review of deep metric learning methods for few-shot image classification from 2018 to 2022 and categorize them into three groups according to three stages of metric learning, namely learning feature embeddings, learning class representations, and learning distance measures. With this taxonomy, we identify the novelties of different methods and problems they face. We conclude this review with a discussion on current challenges and future trends in few-shot image classification.
arXiv:2105.08149v2 fatcat:yxsvfdspbrhfpcrzgnny27vgjy