Conceptual Design Report – eSPS [article]

M. Aicheler, T. Akesson, F. Antoniou, A. Arnalich, P. A. Arrutia Sota, P. Bettencourt Moniz Cabral, D. Bozzini, M. Brugger, O. Brunner, P. N. Burrows, R. Calaga, M. J. Capstick (+43 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The design of a primary electron beam facility at CERN is described. It re-enables the SPS as an electron accelerator, and leverages the development invested in CLIC technology for its injector and as accelerator R&D infrastructure. The facility would be relevant for several of the key priorities in the 2020 update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics, such as an e+e- Higgs factory, accelerator R&D, dark sector physics, and neutrino physics. In addition, it could serve experiments in
more » ... clear physics. The electron beam delivered by this facility would provide access to light dark matter production significantly beyond the targets predicted by a thermal dark matter origin, and for natures of dark matter particles that are not accessible by direct detection experiments. It would also enable electro-nuclear measurements crucial for precise modelling the energy dependence of neutrino-nucleus interactions, which is needed to precisely measure neutrino oscillations as a function of energy. The implementation of the facility is the natural next step in the development of X-band high-gradient acceleration technology, a key technology for compact and cost-effective electron/positron linacs. It would also become the only facility with multi-GeV drive bunches and truly independent electron witness bunches for plasma wakefield acceleration. The facility would be used for the development and studies of a large number of components and phenomena for a future e+e- Higgs and electroweak factory as the first stage of a next circular collider at CERN, and its cavities in the SPS would be the same type as foreseen for such a future collider. The operation of the SPS with electrons would train a new generation of CERN staff on circular electron accelerators. The facility could be made operational in about five years and would operate in parallel and without interference with Run 4 at the LHC.
arXiv:2009.06938v3 fatcat:xi6oma526vh3jh2ms4jbpeg6qy