Model pengembangan ekonomi lokal (PEL) berbasis produktivitas kopi arabika spesialti di Kabupaten Simalungun [post]

Jef Rudiantho Saragih
2019 unpublished
Specialty arabica coffee productivity could be improved by land extensification, optimizing the use of family labor, increase cost of organic and chemicals fertilizer, land use (intercropping and/or multistrata), increase in the price of parchment, increase in premium coffee prices, increase in liquidity of financial of household farmer, an increase in the practice of coffee pruning, and control of coffee berry borer (CBB). The application of good agriculture practices (GAPs) can increase the
more » ... ality of the coffee produced in the Simalungun highlands. Increased productivity and quality is very prospective in the LED based on specialty coffee, mainly farmers' net income and local employment indicator. As the acceleration factors to increase productivity and quality of specialty arabica coffee is necessary: (1) re-mapping the areas of unique production, including the revision of Kepmenhut 44/2005; and (2) introduce and implementation of selected development programs at the farm and the regional level. Specialty arabica coffee contributed by 3.27%; 5.99%; and 13.17o% in the regional income of Simalungun District, agriculture sector, and estate crop subsector, respectively. Base on indicators of absorption of local labor, specialty arabica coffee is able to contribute about 8.29,%; 14,47%; and 24,86%o in the total workforce, agriculture sector, and estates crop subsector. Specialty arabica coffee farm able to give a US$2.05 per capita per day, so it is able to reduce the poverty level in the rural region. It is recommended that the Simalungun local government adopt the model of LED specialty arabica coffee commodity-based.
doi:10.31227/ fatcat:q7yz6r6hwveo7mo2u7f6rhml7e