Unified Germany's Security Policy: Some Lessons for Korea

Bernhard Seliger
2003 Korean Journal of Defense Analysis  
With the economic aspects of German unification still a headache for German politics, and particularly the country's persistently high unemployment rate, it is somewhat surprising that political unification-including security policy-has proved to be remarkably smooth. Despite the ideological differences between the Bundeswehr (Western German Army) and the "Nationale Volksarmee" (East German Army) the incorporation of parts of the personnel of the NVA into the Bundeswehr and the extension of the
more » ... he extension of the Bundeswehr to the new territories posed no major problems. Externally, the new role of Germany in Europe can be described as a normalization of German security policy, previously characterized by a German "Sonderweg" (special way). In this paper, a short review is first given on German security issues before and after unification. Following this, the extension of the Bundeswehr into the new territories of a unified Germany is discussed. And finally, the changing external relations and security policy after German unification are considered. This section focuses on the role of Germany's firm integration into NATO and the EU as additional factors explaining the smooth transition from a divided Germany to a unified nation, without major external problems as evidenced by the continuing stability of Europe since German unification.
doi:10.1080/10163270309464038 fatcat:7ieyzh3h3fbivoqxymflqizbpe