Depression and relevant influencing factors among elderly adults with different sleep quality in pension institutions in Northeastern China [post]

Jun Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Zhenggang Luan, Xiujie Zhang, Haoran Jiang, Aiping Wang
2020 unpublished
Background: China has the largest aged population in the world, and the elderly adults who live in pension institutions are more likely to suffer from mental disorders than other elderly adults. The current study aimed to explore the distribution of the depression among the aged population with different sleep conditions in pension institutions in Northeastern China.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in Northeastern China from May to September 2017 using a multistage sampling method
more » ... ge sampling method and 507 elderly people without cognitive impairment in six pension institutions were interviewed. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were adopted to collected the information of sleep quality and depression. We used logistic regression to analyze the factors influencing depression among the elderly adults with poor or good sleep quality.Results: The overall depression rate among elderly adults was 21.7%. The logistic regression analysis revealed that marital status, chronic disease, regular exercise, physical pain, filial piety and chewing ability had significant effects on the depression of the elderly with good sleep quality. Loneliness, self-care ability, chewing ability and chronic diseases had significant effects on depression of the elderly with poor sleep quality. Conclusion: The prevalence of depressive symptoms in the elderly is not high. However, different factors influenced depression among elderly adults depending on their sleep quality. Therefore, the risk factors of depression among elderly adults should be analyzed separately.
doi:10.21203/rs.2.18808/v2 fatcat:nghaz7w3rja2jm4zf67f5hmlly