Deposition, morphology and functional properties of layers based on DLC:Si and DLC:N on polyurethane

Karol Kyzioł, Piotr Jabłoński, Wiktor Niemiec, Janusz Prażuch, Daniel Kottfer, Aneta Łętocha, Łukasz Kaczmarek
2020 Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing  
DLC:Si and DLC:N (diamond-like carbons doped with Si or N) functional layers in different configurations are deposited on polyurethane (PU) for bioengineering applications using CCP (capacitively coupled plasma) discharge generated in the PE CVD (plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition) system. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations show that the obtained single and multilayers are continuous and well adherent to the substrates, but they differ in surface morphologies. DLC:Si layers
more » ... orm granular-like outer surfaces, while DLC:N ones a mosaic structure of plain areas. Topography analyses by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and optical profilometry reveal that Si-doped layers are characterized by significantly higher surface roughness (R a ca. 5 nm) in comparison to N-doped layers (R a ca. 0.3 nm) and also higher values of profile roughness parameter R z (up to 32 μm vs. about 13 μm). Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis indicates the homogenous chemical composition of the layers. DLC:N layers, are characterized by significantly higher polar component of surface free energy (up to ca. 5.0 mJ/m 2 ). DLC:Si layers exhibit higher values of diiodomethane contact angle (up to ca. 90°) compared with DLC:N layers (up to ca. 55°). The attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic measurements (ATR-FTIR) of the layers reveal that the addition of silicon to the DLC structure increases the content of terminal CH n bonds (n = 1, 2, 3) as well as beneficial Si-H and Si-CH n bonds, which significantly reduce the internal stresses in the layers. Both DLC:Si and DLC:N layers exhibit no cytotoxic effects using the human osteoblast-like cell line and human keratinocytes.
doi:10.1007/s00339-020-03939-y fatcat:qaaam65zgndxnby5r53ucc3e4q