INTEGRATION OF SCALE INSECTS (HEMIPTERA: COCCIDAE) IN THE SOUTH-EAST ASIAN ANT-PLANT (CREMATOGASTER (FORMICIDAE)- MACARANGA (EUPHORBIACEAE)) SYSTEM

H.P. Heckroth, B. Fiala, U. Maschwitz
2016
INTEGRATION OF SCALE INSECTS (HEMIPTERA: COCCIDAE) IN THE SOUTH-EAST ASIAN ANT-PLANT (CREMATOGASTER (FORMICIDAE)-MACARANGA (EUPHORBIACEAE)) SYSTEM. The coccid colonisers of myrmecophytic Macaranga were tested for their trophic integration into the mutualistic Crematogaster-Macaranga ant-plant system. Honeydew secretion by these mostly endophytic scale insects was observed in Coccus caviramicolus Morrison, C. penangensis Morrison, C. secretus Morrison, C. tumuliferus Morrison, C. tumuliferus
more » ... C. tumuliferus var. C.84 and in two other Macaranga coccid species. However, the use of coccids as protein-rich food by ants under normal and starvation conditions was not observed. Key words: trophobiosis, ant nutrition, Myzolecaniinae, survival, dumping areas, C. macarangae, food-bodies, Pseudococcidae, Malaysia, Macaranga bancana, M. hypoleuca, M. hullettii, M. winkleri, M. triloba.
doi:10.15162/0425-1016/848 fatcat:b473rcf7qfax7anxzbnp7cgj3m