The Influence of the Gentry on Rural Political Construction

2013 Journal of Literature and Art Studies  
Based on some former studies of Chinese rural society, this paper summerizes the achievements and limitations of general Chinese rural studies and then proposes a social operation model in rural areas which is dominated by the squires. It uses some specific historical data and discoveries of feild sduty to further examine the profound influence of the squires on rural politcal construction in three different aspects: the model of clan and religion, the role as inter-mediator and the growth of
more » ... sic armed forces. The study found that this special social group played a center role in Chinese rural political system from ancient to modern times, particularly, the research considers the decline of the squire society since the establishment of the new government in 1949. In the end, this paper points out the cultural guiding significance of this social model in the study to the rural construction in contemporay China by predicting the possiblity of renaissance.
doi:10.17265/2159-5836/2013.09.007 fatcat:hareqfo33bdpbpn5bczxcapqpu