Engineering Exact Quasi-Threshold Editing

Lars Gottesbüren, Michael Hamann, Philipp Schoch, Ben Strasser, Dorothea Wagner, Sven Zühlsdorf, Simone Faro, Domenico Cantone
2020 Symposium on Experimental and Efficient Algorithms  
Quasi-threshold graphs are {C₄, P₄}-free graphs, i.e., they do not contain any cycle or path of four nodes as an induced subgraph. We study the {C₄, P₄}-free editing problem, which is the problem of finding a minimum number of edge insertions or deletions to transform an input graph into a quasi-threshold graph. This problem is NP-hard but fixed-parameter tractable (FPT) in the number of edits by using a branch-and-bound algorithm and admits a simple integer linear programming formulation
more » ... g formulation (ILP). Both methods are also applicable to the general ℱ-free editing problem for any finite set of graphs ℱ. For the FPT algorithm, we introduce a fast heuristic for computing high-quality lower bounds and an improved branching strategy. For the ILP, we engineer several variants of row generation. We evaluate both methods for quasi-threshold editing on a large set of protein similarity graphs. For most instances, our optimizations speed up the FPT algorithm by one to three orders of magnitude. The running time of the ILP, that we solve using Gurobi, becomes only slightly faster. With all optimizations, the FPT algorithm is slightly faster than the ILP, even when listing all solutions. Additionally, we show that for almost all graphs, solutions of the previously proposed quasi-threshold editing heuristic QTM are close to optimal.
doi:10.4230/lipics.sea.2020.10 dblp:conf/wea/GottesburenHSSW20 fatcat:oca4fzswhzdoxj7ohrbun3yhj4