1912 Journal of Heredity  
AMERICAN BREEDERS MAGAZINE bull. In other words, a three-fourths grade Hereford does not as a rule show this characteristic mark. I am not prepared to say this spot will be always removed in the first generation; it takes several more crosses to permanently remove it, but from 10 cows bred having wliitc faces (4 with eye circles and 1 with spot on nose) not a calf show* a sign of these marks. The keeping of records of the transmission of color and color markings will be continued and further
more » ... orts, comprising larger numbers of cattle and extending over several generatioas, will be made to the Association. . It is as yet too early to attempt to draw definite conclusions, but from the results given above, the writer feels encouraged to continue, as the road to definite knowledge is now cleared. From the settlement of our country until the present time the turkey is the only native b that has been brought under domestication. In our economic system the turkey has been used almost exclusively as a bird for our table on Thanksgiving Day and other holiday occasions. It has for this purpose earned a justly popular place in the minds of our people. According to the U. S. Census Report we had on June 1, 1900, 6,599,367 turkeys in the United States. These were undoubtedly breeding stock, since there is no reeord of their being kept anywhere for the sole purpose of producing eggs for the table, as is the case with chickens and ducks. In forty years' experience on farms in Ohio and Kansas, where we were never without a small flock, the writer never knew or even heard of turkeys laying more than one or two settings, and that always in the early spring. I was ignorant of the fad that in some parts of our great country there were some turkeys that continued to lay more or less throughout the season from the latter part of March to January. After living in Washington a few years I began the study of fruit varieties grown in the vicinity by walking through the market lines Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, where the farmers within a radius » Mr. Irwin prepared tlih paper ihortly before his death, which occurred June 24. 1011. b Both ducks and geese, have at different time* and ID limited numbers been domesticated, but are now su mixed up with Astatic and European apectea that It li reiy doubtful If there la a Unfit Tarlety of purely American orttfn.
doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a105902 fatcat:etfnakqe2vdnxpicms3rilfy4i