Loss of E2F7 Expression Is an Early Event in Squamous Differentiation and Causes Derepression of the Key Differentiation Activator Sp1

Mehlika Hazar-Rethinam, Sarina R. Cameron, Alison L. Dahler, Liliana B. Endo-Munoz, Louise Smith, Danny Rickwood, Nicholas A. Saunders
2011 Journal of Investigative Dermatology  
Squamous differentiation is controlled by key transcription factors such as Sp1 and E2F. We have previously shown that E2F1 can suppress transcription of the differentiation-specific gene, transglutaminase type 1 (TG1), by an indirect mechanism mediated by Sp1. Transient transfection of E2F1-E2F6 indicated that E2F-mediated reduction of Sp1 transcription was not responsible for E2F-mediated suppression of squamous differentiation. However, we found that E2F4 and E2F7, but not E2Fs 1, 2, 3, 5,
more » ... 6, could suppress the activation of the Sp1 promoter in differentiated keratinocytes (KCs). E2F4-mediated suppression could not be antagonized by E2Fs 1, 2, 3, 5, or 6 and was localized to a region of the human Sp1 promoter spanning À139 to þ 35 bp. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis, as well as transient overexpression and short hairpin RNA knockdown experiments indicate that E2F7 binds to a unique binding site located between À139 and À119 bp of the Sp1 promoter, and knockdown of E2F7 in proliferating KCs leads to a derepression of Sp1 expression and the induction of TG1. In contrast, E2F4 knockdown in proliferating KCs did not alter Sp1 expression. These data indicate that loss of E2F7 during the initiation of differentiation leads to the derepression of Sp1 and subsequent transcription of differentiation-specific genes such as TG1.
doi:10.1038/jid.2010.430 pmid:21248772 fatcat:5ceuc4hcsnbgfhqtuwjh4berym