Modeling electronic health record data using a knowledge-graph-embedded topic model [article]

Yuesong Zou, Ahmad Pesaranghader, Aman Verma, David Buckeridge, Yue Li
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The rapid growth of electronic health record (EHR) datasets opens up promising opportunities to understand human diseases in a systematic way. However, effective extraction of clinical knowledge from the EHR data has been hindered by its sparsity and noisy information. We present KG-ETM, an end-to-end knowledge graph-based multimodal embedded topic model. KG-ETM distills latent disease topics from EHR data by learning the embedding from the medical knowledge graphs. We applied KG-ETM to a
more » ... scale EHR dataset consisting of over 1 million patients. We evaluated its performance based on EHR reconstruction and drug imputation. KG-ETM demonstrated superior performance over the alternative methods on both tasks. Moreover, our model learned clinically meaningful graph-informed embedding of the EHR codes. In additional, our model is also able to discover interpretable and accurate patient representations for patient stratification and drug recommendations.
arXiv:2206.01436v1 fatcat:kdaipn7alvfa5lcwlzcfoqfnhq