A comprehensive comparison of atmospheric mapping functions for GPS measurements in Egypt

S. A. Younes, A. G. Elmezayen
2012 Journal of Geodetic Science  
The principal limiting error source in the Global Positioning System (GPS) is the mismodeling of the delay experienced by radio waves in propagating through the atmosphere. The atmosphere causing the delay in GPS signals consists of two main layers: the ionosphere and the troposphere. The ionospheric delay can be mitigated using dual frequency receivers, but the tropospheric delay is often corrected using a standard tropospheric model. The tropospheric delay can be described as a product of the
more » ... delay at the zenith and a mapping function, which models the elevation dependence of the propagation delay. A large number of mapping functions have been developed for use in the analysis of space geodetic data.
doi:10.2478/v10156-011-0042-7 fatcat:niawlidah5brzdecutw6tjr6hi