Effects of arachidonic acid intake on inflammatory reactions in dextran sodium sulphate-induced colitis in rats

Yukiko Naito, Xu Ji, Shigehiro Tachibana, Satoko Aoki, Mami Furuya, Yoshiyuki Tazura, Daisuke Miyazawa, Akiko Harauma, Toru Moriguchi, Tomoko Nagata, Naoharu Iwai, Naoki Ohara
2015 British Journal of Nutrition  
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the administration of oral arachidonic acid (AA) in rats with or without dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced inflammatory bowel disease. Male Wistar rats were administered AA at 0, 5, 35 or 240 mg/kg daily by gavage for 8 weeks. Inflammatory bowel disease was induced by replacing drinking water with 3 % DSS solution during the last 7 d of the AA dosing period. These animals passed loose stools, diarrhoea and red-stained faeces.
more » ... clo-oxygenase-2 concentration and myeloperoxidase activity in the colonic tissue were significantly increased in the animals given AA at 240 mg/kg compared with the animals given AA at 0 mg/kg. Thromboxane B2concentration in the medium of cultured colonic mucosae isolated from these groups was found to be dose-dependently increased by AA, and the increase was significant at 35 and 240 mg/kg. Leukotriene B4concentration was also significantly increased and saturated at 5 mg/kg. In addition, AA at 240 mg/kg promoted DSS-induced colonic mucosal oedema with macrophage infiltration. In contrast, administration of AA for 8 weeks, even at 240 mg/kg, showed no effects on the normal rats. These results suggest that in rats with bowel disease AA metabolism is affected by oral AA, even at 5 mg/kg per d, and that excessive AA may aggravate inflammation, whereas AA shows no effects in rats without inflammatory bowel disease.
doi:10.1017/s000711451500224x pmid:26234346 fatcat:vz5ensppdjcvfllts7xc3v445i