Baseline MMP expression in periapical granuloma and its relationship with periapical wound healing after surgical endodontic treatment
Background Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) catalyzes the degradation of the extracellular matrix components and have a major role in many physiological processes including wound healing. In the current study, we examined the correlation of baseline MMPs 1, 2, 7, and 9 expressions with periapical wound healing after surgical endodontic treatment. Methods 27 patients aged between 15–57 years presenting with chronic apical periodontitis or chronic apical abscess of an anterior tooth with
... y attempted or failed root canal treatment were included in this study. During surgical endodontic treatment, tissue from the periapical lesion sample was collected and used for gross histopathological analysis as well as mRNA expression analysis of MMPs 1, 2, 7, and 9. Patients were recalled for follow-up after 6 and 12 months to evaluate the healing status both clinically and radiographically and healing was correlated with baseline MMP expression. Results Out of 27 patients, healing was observed in 15 patients at the end of 6 months, and patients after 12 months. Six patients showed no healing even after 12 months. Analysis of baseline MMP 1, 2, 7, and 9 expression levels with healing status showed the mean relative expression of MMP2 and MMP9 to be considerably increased in the non-healing group as compared to the healing group. Conclusion Overexpression of MMP2 and MMP9 may be considered as a potential prognostic biomarker for periapical wound healing after surgical endodontic treatment. However, further studies are desirable to establish its precise relationship with periapical wound healing.